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Paediatric Dentistry II (8th & 9th semester)


The purpose of the 8th and 9th semesters is for the student to:

  • Apply basic techniques for communication and cooperation of  the child in the dental practice.
  • To perform examination, diagnosis and treatment planning  on hard and soft tissue problems in children and adolescents.
  • Apply a personalized prevention program to children and adolescents according to their needs.
  • Provide dental treatment to cooperative l school age children and adolescents.
  • Be aware of the of dental treatment needs of children with medical problems and special needs.

Learning outcomes

By the end of the 9th semester the student  should be able to:

  • Apply the basic principles of four-hand dentistry, working alternately as a doctor and as an assistant.
  • Apply psychological techniques for the development of positive behavior of the child during dental treatment.
  • To receive information, take and record the medical and dental history of children, adolescents and special patients.
  • Evaluate the medical history of the patient in relation to the dental treatment to be done.
  • Perform clinical examination and diagnosis of caries, gingivitis, congenital and acquired tooth abnormalities as well as orthodontic problems
  • Take periapical and bitewing radiographs in  children and adolescents.
  • To radiographically assess the presence of caries, or other pathology of the  teeth and the surrounding tissues.
  • Evaluate panoramic radiographs  in relation to the development of the primary and mixed dentition, and recognize abnormalities of tooth number and jaw pathology.
  • To inform the patient and the parents of the pathogenesis of oral diseases using the appropriate training aids available in the clinic.
  • Make a dietary analysis and provide the necessary dietary guidelines for proper child nutrition and caries prevention.
  • Assess caries risk from dental history, clinical and radiographic examination and dietary analysis.
  •  Plan and implement a preventative program depending on the stage of development of the child (school age and adolescence) and the risk of developing caries and periodontal diseases. 13. Apply fluoride topically to the teeth.
  • To treat incipient occlusal caries, according to the indications of sealants and preventive resin restorations
  • Give local anesthesia to his or her patient using his or her assistant to make the procedure as painless as possible.
  • Restore dental problems  using appropriate psychological techniques for achieving cooperation.
  • Evaluate the development of  the dentition  depending on the age of the patients.
  • Restore with amalgam, composite resins and glass-ionomer cements, in cavities of  primary and permanent teeth.
  • Perform pulpotomies  in cooperative children and adolescents.
  • Restore primary and permanent teeth with a stainless steel crown.
  • Extract primary teeth.

Furthermore, the student at the end of the 8th-9th semester should know:

  • Etiopathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical appearance and treatment of dental caries in early years of life
  • The treatment of dental emergencies for children at the dental practice 
  •  The pharmacological management  of  behavior problems in  children
  •  The frequency and etiology of periodontal diseases in children and adolescents as well as the indecies  for their recording.
  • The effects of primary tooth trauma on  permanent teeth.
  •  How to treat complications from trauma to the  teeth and the periodontal tissues.
  • The peculiarities of dental treatment of children and adolescents with chronic medical problems (cardiac diseases, haemostasis disorders, oncological problem).
  • The peculiarities of dental treatment of children and adolescents with special needs (mental retardation and physical disability).


Contemporary views for the psychologic techniques of behavioral control in potentially cooperative children; Caries in the deciduous and mixed dentition and its management; Multiple early childhood caries; Preventive sealants and restorations; Periodontal diseases in children and adolescents; Primary teeth trauma and sequalae to the permanent dentition; Management of sequelae to the injured teeth and periodontal tissues; Categories of special need individuals. Dental practice design for handicapped individuals; Dental management of individuals with mental retardation, autism; Dental management of individuals with physical disabilities; Dental management of children and adolescents with clefts; Dental management of oncology children and adolescents.

Educational Methods

  • Seminars.
  • Clinical practice.

Criteria for successful completion

  • Attendance of 80% of seminars.
  • Successful completion of clinical requirements.
  • Successful final examination.