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Orthodontics IΙ (8th semester)


To enable the student to evaluate clinical and laboratory data and arrive at an evidence-based diagnosis of dentofacial discrepancies; to perform a systematic clinical examination of the patient; to construct parts of removable orthodontic appliances; to describe the basic principles of treatment of dentofacial discrepancies.

Learning outcomes

The student, at the end of the 8th semester, should be able to:

  1. Approach the orthodontic patient and create good rapport.
  2. Perform a clinical examination of the face and mouth by completing the corresponding orthodontic examination form.
  3. Perform a clinical evaluation of the patient and arrive at an evidence-based documented clinical diagnosis.
  4. Integrate the clinical data with the laboratory data and arrive at an evidence-based documented diagnosis.
  5. List causative factors potentially leading to malocclusion and describe their mechanism of action.
  6. Describe therapeutic interventions for prevention or interception, to ensure normal craniofacial growth and development.
  7. List and describe ways to diagnose and intercept abnormalities in the mixed dentition.
  8. Bend orthodontic wires and construct basic parts of removable orthodontic appliances.


Laboratory construction of parts of removable appliances. Clinical examination of patients. Diagnosis of orthodontic cases through evaluation of diagnostic records. Discrepancies of occlusion. Discrepancies in the anteroposterior, vertical and horizontal planes. Space discrepancy. Abnormalities in tooth development. Habits.

Educational methods

  • Clinical training.

Criteria for successful completion

  • Attendance of at least 90% of the clinical training.